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  Arabic Online

ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

Arabic Online

 

• Welcome!

• Varieties of Arabic

• Alphabet

• Pronunciation
• Words
• Vowels
• Reading out

• Syllables

• Stress

• Rules of Pause

• Writing of Letter 'alif

• Roots

• Sibawayh's phonology

• Historical phonology

• Nouns

• Irregular Nouns

• Declension

• Noun Gender

• Feminine Markers

• Singular Nouns

• Dual Nouns

• Plural Nouns EDITED

• Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED

• Feminine Plural Nouns

• Irregular Plural Nouns
• Articles

• Case Inflection

• Case Endings

• The Six Nouns

• Noonation

• Adjectives

• Genitive Construction

• Am/Is/Are Sentences

• Verbs

• Irregular Verbs

• Verb Forms

• Perfective Verbs

• Perfective Conjugation

• Irregular Perfective Conjugation

• Imperfective Verbs

• Imperfective Conjugation

• Irregular Imperfective Conjugation

• Moods

• Subjunctive Mood

• Jussive Mood

• Mood Signs

• Energetic Mood

• Imperative Mood

• Passive Voice

• Passive Perfective Verbs

• Passive Imperfective Verbs

• Passive of Irregular Verbs

• Subject Pronouns

• Object Pronouns

• Demonstratives

• Relative Pronouns

• Sentences

• To Have

• Incomplete Verbs

• Frozen Verbs

• Verb-Like Particles

• Negation

• Present Negative

• Past Negative

• Future Negative

• Negation+Exclusion Style

• Interrogation

• Yes/No Questions

• Interrogative Pronouns

• Polite Request

• Introductory Particles

• Infinitival/Indefinite maa

• Prepositions

• Conjunctions

• Adverbs

• Inactive Particles

• Ablative Particles

• Vocative Particles

• Exclamatory Style

• Praise & Disparagement

• Derived Nouns

• Verbal Nouns

• Active Participles

• Passive Participles

• Participle-like Adjectives

• Comparatives

• Place-nouns

• Time-nouns

• Tool-nouns

• Attributives

• Diminutives

• Vocabulary

• Dialects

• Survival Phrases

 

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Pronouns (continued)

 

3. Separate Object Pronouns

These can be used both as direct and indirect object pronouns. The former use is rare in the modern language, whereas the latter is very common even in the colloquial spoken dialects.

 

Separate object pronouns

 ضَمَاْئِرُ النَّصْبِ المُنْفَصِلَةِ

S

I

N

G

U

L

A

R

Me

'iyyaay(a)

إِيَّاْيَ

You (masc.)

'iyyaak(a)

إِيَّاْكَ

You (fem.)

'iyyaaki

إِيَّاْكِ

Him

'iyyaah(u)

إِيَّاْهُ

Her

'iyyaahaa

إِيَّاْهَاْ

D

U

A

L

You

'iyyaakumaa

إِيَّاْكُمَاْ

Them

'iyyaahumaa

إِيَّاْهُمَاْ

P

L

U

R

A

L

Us (dual / plu.)

'iyyaanaa

إِيَّاْنَاْ

You (masc.)

'iyyaakum

إِيَّاْكُمْ

You (fem.)

'iyyaakunn(a)

إِيَّاْكُنَّ

Them (masc.)

'iyyaahum

إِيَّاْهُمْ

Them (fem.)

'iyyaahunn(a)

إِيَّاْهُنَّ

 

I. Direct Object

When separate object pronouns serve as direct object pronouns they must come before the verb. This usage is mostly found in classical writings.

Examples:

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ

'iyyaak(a) na"bud(u)

= thee (we) worship

Translation: we worship thee

 

Separate object pronouns can come after the verb if they were preceded by a conjunction word.

شَكَرْتُهُ وَإِيَّاْهُمْ

shakartu-h(u) wa-'iyyaahum

= (I) thanked him and them

Translation: I thanked him and them

 

 

Separate object pronouns come also after the verb if they were preceded by the word  'illaa إِلاّ = "except."

لا نَعْبُدُ إِلاّ إِيَّاْهُ

laa na"bud(u) 'illaa 'iyyaah(u)

= not (we) worship (anybody) except him

Translation: we worship him solely

*Note: this sentence uses the negation + exclusion style explained in this page.

 

Finally, separate object pronouns can be used in a warning style.

 

إِيَّاْكَ وَالذَّهَابَ !ه

'iyyaak(a) wa-th-thahaab(a)

= (I warn) you of the going

Translation: I warn you not to go!

 

Warning Style

(I warn) you of ...

sing. masc.

إِيَّاْكَ وَ....ه

sing. fem.

إِيَّاْكِ وَ....ه

dual

إِيَّاْكُمَاْ وَ....ه

plu. masc.

إِيَّاْكُمْ وَ....ه

plu. fem.

إِيَّاْكُنَّ وَ....ه

 

 

II. Indirect Object

Separate object pronouns serve as indirect object pronouns only when the direct object is an attached object pronoun.

أَعْطِنِيْ إِيَّاْهَاْ

'a"ti-nee 'iyyaahaa

= give me her

Translation: give it to me

The attached object pronoun -nee = me served as the direct object here, while the separate object pronoun served as the indirect object.

إِيَّاْهُ أُهْدِيْكَ

'iyyaah(u) 'uhdee-k(a)

= him (I) present you

Translation: I give it to you as a present

Here, the separate object pronoun served again as an indirect object, but it came before the verb. The direct object was the attached object pronoun -k(a) = you.

 

 

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