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The imperative mood in
Arabic is used to command a second person, whether singular, dual or
plural. This mode is different from the other imperfective moods in that
we will have to carve a new structure for it. This structure will be
similar to the jussive mood, especially in terms of irregular verbs.
There is no imperative
mood in the past tense, as we mentioned already, there is only one fixed
mood in the past tense. The imperative verbs, as imperfective verbs, will
denote both the present and the future tenses.
In Arabic grammar,
imperative verbs are considered a third category of verbs in addition to
the perfective and the imperfective. The imperative verbs are "built"
verbs since they do not undergo
or mood inflection.
Creating the imperative verb
structure from the perfective one is similar
to creating the imperfective. The major steps in forming the imperfective
were (1) adding the prefix y?-
in front of the verb and the
suitable suffix to its end, (2) changing
the green short vowel, and (3) removing the
in front of the verb if existed.
Forming the imperative, for the most part,
will be only by implementing step 2 and adding the suitable suffix. That
is, to get the imperative structure, we will change the green short vowel
in the perfective structure in an identical manner to what would be done
when forming the imperfective. We will also add the suitable imperfective
Excluding the three structures of
فَعلَ , we can now form the
imperative for all the perfective structures based on what has been
The three structures of
فَعلَ, however, will
require additional changes. For these we will start by getting the verb into the
imperfective, then we will apply the following steps for e.g. the
►Have the imperfective verb in the
jussive mood (remove the mood-signs).