Plural Nouns EDITED
Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED
Feminine Plural Nouns
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The Six Nouns
The Six Nouns الأَسْمَاْءُ الْسِّتَةُ in Arabic are six singular masculine nouns that take different case-signs from the regular case-signs for singular nouns when they are the first part of a genitive construction, or in what is called the "construct state."
The six nouns are the following, they are in the indefinite state:
The last noun, thoo, was not in the indefinite state but rather in the construct state. This noun cannot exist in other state than this one.
The six nouns will take regular case-signs (apparent short U, apparent short A, and apparent short I) except when they are the first part of a genitive construction, or in Arabic, when they are in the state of "addition" الإِضَاْفَةُ .
When the Six Nouns form the first part of a genitive construction, or are in the construct state, they will have the following irregular case signs:
1. 'ar-raf"(u) الرَّفْعُ = Nominative (subject)
2. 'an-nasb(u) النَّصْبُ = Accusative
3.'al-jarr(u) الْجَرُّ = Genitive
The irregular case signs of the six nouns should not be confused with regular case signs in the following cases:
The case signs here were those of dual and masculine plural nouns. They were NOT case signs of the six nouns, because those only appear with singular nouns.
The case-signs are estimated or assumed between the attached pronoun and the letter preceding it.
If the noun fam(un) فَمٌ = "a mouth" retained the letter meem م , it will not have the irregular case-signs of the six nouns.
The word thoo ذُوْ = "(the) possessor (of)" can exist only as a first part of a genitive construction but not as an independent word. Or, it can only exist in the construct state but not in the absolute or indefinite state.
The word han(un) هَنٌ = "a thing" is an obsolete classical word that often referred to the genitalia. This word can take regular case signs or case signs of the Six Nouns. The better ones to use with this word are the regular case signs and not the Six Noun ones.