Praise & Disparagement
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2. Attached Subject Pronouns
These are contained within the declensions that appear at the end of verbs, both perfective and imperfective.
1. Perfective Verbs
The declensions of perfective verbs are composed of attached subject pronouns and of marker letters. There are no mood signs for the perfective verbs because these are "built" words that have only one, unchangeable, mood.
2. Imperfective Verbs
Imperfective verb conjugations are two types, the "five verbs," which have suffixes attached to the stem verb, and the rest of the conjugations which have only prefixes but suffixes.
The suffixes of the "five verbs" are composed of attached subject pronouns followed by a letter noon ن which is the indicative mood sign. This noon is a sign only of the indicative mood and it will not appear in the other moods.
There is one exception to what has been mentioned, that is the feminine plural conjugations. These are "built" words that have unchangeable suffix that is composed of a single pronoun-letter.
The attached subject pronouns of the imperfective verbs are:
Since that not all verbs have declensions that can be deemed subject pronouns, Arab grammarians postulated that there should be an invisible "hiding pronoun" ضَمِيْرٌ مُسْتَتِرٌ after each verb that is without a declension.
The ـَتْ at the end of the 3rd person singular feminine past verb is NOT an attached subject pronoun but rather is a feminine marker (still feminine taa'< تَاْءُ التَأْنِيثِ السَّاكِنَةُ ).
If a separate subject pronoun appears after a verb that has an attached subject pronoun, it will be an emphatic pronoun but not a subject.
In Arabic grammar, the 1st and 2nd person hiding pronouns are said to be "obligatory hiding pronouns" مُسْتَتِرَةٌ وُجُوْبًا , there will be always a hiding pronoun after 1st and 2nd person conjugations of verbs without attached subject pronouns, and if a separate subject pronoun appears after them it will be an emphatic pronoun but not a subject.
On the other hand, the 3rd person hiding pronouns are "optionally hiding pronouns" مُسْتَتِرَةٌ جَوَاْزًا . There will be no hiding pronoun if a separate pronoun appears after 3rd person conjugations of verbs without attached subject pronouns.