Make your own free website on Tripod.com
  Arabic Online

ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

Arabic Online

 

Welcome!

Viewing Arabic Texts

Introduction

Alphabet

Pronunciation
Words
Vowels
Reading out

Accent and Stress

Rules of Pause

Writing of Letter 'alif

Roots

Root Extraction

Nouns

Irregular Nouns

Declension

Noun Gender

Feminine Markers

Singular Nouns

Dual Nouns

Plural Nouns EDITED

Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED

Feminine Plural Nouns

Irregular Plural Nouns
Articles

Case Inflection

Case Endings

The Six Nouns

Noonation

Adjectives

Genitive Construction

Am/Is/Are Sentences

Verbs

Irregular Verbs

Verb Forms

Perfective Verbs

Perfective Conjugation

Irregular Perfective Conjugation

Imperfective Verbs

Imperfective Conjugation

Irregular Imperfective Conjugation

Moods

Subjunctive Mood

Jussive Mood

Mood Signs

Energetic Mood

Imperative Mood

Passive Voice

Passive Perfective Verbs

Passive Imperfective Verbs

Passive of Irregular Verbs

Subject Pronouns

Object Pronouns

Demonstratives

Relative Pronouns

Sentences

To Have

Incomplete Verbs

Frozen Verbs

Verb-Like Particles

Negation

Present Negative

Past Negative

Future Negative

Negation+Exclusion Style

Interrogation

Yes/No Questions

Interrogative Pronouns

Polite Request

Introductory Particles

Infinitival/Indefinite maa

Prepositions

Conjunctions

Adverbs

Inactive Particles

Ablative Particles

Vocative Particles

Exclamatory Style

Praise & Disparagement

Derived Nouns

Verbal Nouns

Active Participles

Passive Participles

Participle-like Adjectives

Comparatives

Place-nouns

Time-nouns

Tool-nouns

Attributives

Diminutives

Vocabulary

Dialects

Survival Phrases

History & Culture

Note to visitors

 

Add your comments to the Guestbook


View the Guestbook

 

This site is under development. Help the site by reporting typos, mistakes, broken links, unclear parts, etc. and by sending your comments and suggestions via the feedback gear:

IMPORTANT NOTICE

I have nothing to do with the adds that appear on this website (including the add on top which says "Arabic Code." This add is NOT mine). I don't sell books, courses, lessons, or anything. I stopped updating this website years ago. I am sorry about that, but I don't have time to complete it.

All rights reserved to the original author Hāni Deek. You may not copy, distribute, or transmit material from this website without the prior written permission of the original author. Non-authorized use or modification of the materials is a violation of the proprietary rights and is a violation of law that may lead to legal actions against the perpetrator.

This site may not show well with browsers other than Microsoft Internet Explorer (e.g Firefox). If you are having problems with viewing the site, please consider trying another browser. Sorry about that.

 


 

Noonation (continued)

 

Irregular nouns

(For definitions of irregular noun types, you may click here)

 

Shortened Nouns

Shortened nouns are nouns that end with a shortened 'alif   ـا / ـى  .

These nouns will always take the -an tanween تَنْوِيْنُ الْفَتْحِ and in all cases. When adding the tanween to a shortened noun, it will be placed on the litter preceding the final shortened 'alif not on the 'alif itself.

فَتًىْ

a lad (masc.)

 

 

Case-Sign

Case

Noun

Estimated Short U

ضَمَّةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ

'ar-raf"(u)

الْرَّفْعُ

fata(n) فَتًىْ

Estimated Short A

فَتْحَةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ

'an-nasb(u)

الْنَّصْبُ

fata(n)

فَتًىْ

Estimated Short I

كَسْرَةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ

'al-jarr(u)

الْجَرُّ

fata(n)

فَتًىْ

*The word "estimated" means to Arabic grammarians "assumed" or "supposed."

 

 

Extended Nouns

Extended nouns are nouns that end with a long vowel 'alif  aa  ـا  that is followed by a consonant 'alif  ء (hamza(t)).

Extended nouns will take tanween just like regular nouns, except that when we add the -an tanween we will not add an extended 'alif after it in writing. However, the pronunciation rules remain the same of those of the regular singular nouns.

مَاْءٌ

a water (masc.)

 

 

Case-Sign

Case

Noun

Apparent Short U

ضَمَّةٌ ظَاْهِرَةٌ

'ar-raf"(u)

الْرَّفْعُ

maa'(un) مَاْءٌ
Apparent Short A

فَتْحَةٌ ظَاْهِرَةٌ

'an-nasb(u)

الْنَّصْبُ

maa'a(n) مَاْءً
Apparent Short I

كَسْرَةٌ ظَاْهِرَةٌ

'al-jarr(u)

الْجَرُّ

maa'(in) مَاْءٍ

*There is no distinction in Arabic when it comes to countable and uncountable singular nouns. They are all singular nouns.

 

Defective Nouns

Defective nouns are nouns that end with a long vowel -ee ـِيْ  which belongs to the root.

When adding tanween to a defective noun, the final -ee must be deleted in both writing and pronunciation, except in the nasb (accusative) case. The added tanween will be always -in تَنْوِيْنُ الْكَسْرِ  except in, also, the nasb case.

 

قَاْضٍ

 

a judge (masc.)

 

 

Case-Sign

Case

Noun

Estimated Short U

ضَمَّةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ

'ar-raf"(u)

الْرَّفْعُ

qaad(in) قَاْضٍ
Apparent Short A

فَتْحَةٌ ظَاْهِرَةٌ

'an-nasb(u)

الْنَّصْبُ

qaadiya(n) قَاْضِيًا

Estimated Short I

كَسْرَةٌ مُقَدَّرَةٌ

'al-jarr(u)

الْجَرُّ

qaad(in) قَاْضٍ

 

 

Case-Endings of Nouns in the Indefinite State

Noun

Nominative

Accusative

Genitive

R

E

G

U

L

A

R

Singular

-un

-an

-in

Dual

-aan

-ayn

-ayn

Masculine Plural

-oon

-een

-een

Feminine Plural

-un

-in

-in

Irregular Plural

-un

-an

-in

 

I

R

R

E

G

U

L

A

R

 

Shortened

-n

-n

-n

Extended

-un

-an

-in

Defective

-in

-an

-in

 

 

 

 When to Use Noonation?

 

Tanween must be added to every indefinite noun الْنَّكِرَةُ . The only definite nouns that will take tanween are first names of people and some rare names of places, rivers etc.

The definite nouns الْمَعْرِفَة  in Arabic are:

The ن of the dual and muscular plural nouns will be always there except in one condition: when the noun is the first part of a genitive construction. In this case the noon will be deleted just like any tanween.

There is a category of irregular nouns that is called the "forbidden to noonation" الْمَمْنُوْعُ مِنَ الْصَّرْفِ. These nouns will not take tanween even if they were indefinite.

Most of names of places and rivers, etc. are forbidden to noonation. Any proper name of non-Arabic origin that have more than three letters is forbidden to noonation. Proper names of unknown Arabic origins include most of the names of towns and geographical features even in Arabia itself. This is why we said that noonation usually happens only with first names of people but not with other proper names (in general), because most of those are forbidden to noonation. Of course, first names have to be of a known Arabic origin too in order to be noonated.

 

 

Exercise 1

Can you transform the following nouns from the nominative definite state into the nominative indefinite state?

 

The apple (sing. fem.)

التُّفَّاْحَةُ

The observers (plu. masc.)

الْمُرَاْقِبُوْنَ

The two students (dual masc.)

الطَّاْلِبَاْنِ

The friends (plu. masc.)

الأَصْدِقَاْءُ

The colleagues (plu. fem.)

الزَّمِيْلاتُ

The forces (plu. fem.)

الْقِوَىْ

The states/countries (plu. fem.)

الْدُوَلُ

The snakes (plu. fem.)

الأَفَاْعِيْ

 

 

Answers

 

An apple (sing. fem.)

تُفَّاْحَةٌ

Observers (plu. masc.)

مُرَاْقِبُوْنَ

Two students (dual masc.)

طَاْلِبَاْنِ

Friends (plu. masc.)

أَصْدِقَاْءٌ

Colleagues (plu. fem.)

زَمِيْلاتٌ

Forces (plu. fem.)

قِوًىْ

 States/countries (plu. fem.)

دُوَلٌ

Snakes (plu. fem.)

أَفَاْعٍ

 

 

Exercise 2

Can you transform the following indefinite nouns from the genitive into the accusative case?

A kiss (sing. fem.)

قُبْلَةٍ

Assistants (plu. masc.)

مُسَاْعِدِيْنَ

Two signs (dual fem.)

عَلامَتَيْنِ

Relatives (plu. masc.)

أَقْرِبَاْءٍ

Young women (plu. fem.)

فَتَيَاَتٍ

Dolls (plu. fem.)

دُمًىْ

 Books (plu. fem.)

كُتُبٍ

A high (sing. masc. adj.)

عَاْلٍ

 

 

Answers

 

A kiss (sing. fem.)

قُبْلَةً

Assistants (plu. masc.)

مُسَاْعِدِيْنَ

Two signs (dual fem.)

عَلامَتَيْنِ

Relatives (plu. masc.)

أَقْرِبَاْءً

Young women (plu. fem.)

فَتَيَاَتٍ

Dolls (plu. fem.)

دُمًىْ

 Books (plu. fem.)

كُتُبًاْ

A high (sing. masc. adj.)

عَاْلِيًاْ

 

 

 

Previous  Next