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  Arabic Online

ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

Arabic Online

 

• Welcome!

• Varieties of Arabic

• Alphabet

• Pronunciation
• Words
• Vowels
• Reading out

• Syllables

• Stress

• Rules of Pause

• Writing of Letter 'alif

• Roots

• Sibawayh's phonology

• Historical phonology

• Nouns

• Irregular Nouns

• Declension

• Noun Gender

• Feminine Markers

• Singular Nouns

• Dual Nouns

• Plural Nouns EDITED

• Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED

• Feminine Plural Nouns

• Irregular Plural Nouns
• Articles

• Case Inflection

• Case Endings

• The Six Nouns

• Noonation

• Adjectives

• Genitive Construction

• Am/Is/Are Sentences

• Verbs

• Irregular Verbs

• Verb Forms

• Perfective Verbs

• Perfective Conjugation

• Irregular Perfective Conjugation

• Imperfective Verbs

• Imperfective Conjugation

• Irregular Imperfective Conjugation

• Moods

• Subjunctive Mood

• Jussive Mood

• Mood Signs

• Energetic Mood

• Imperative Mood

• Passive Voice

• Passive Perfective Verbs

• Passive Imperfective Verbs

• Passive of Irregular Verbs

• Subject Pronouns

• Object Pronouns

• Demonstratives

• Relative Pronouns

• Sentences

• To Have

• Incomplete Verbs

• Frozen Verbs

• Verb-Like Particles

• Negation

• Present Negative

• Past Negative

• Future Negative

• Negation+Exclusion Style

• Interrogation

• Yes/No Questions

• Interrogative Pronouns

• Polite Request

• Introductory Particles

• Infinitival/Indefinite maa

• Prepositions

• Conjunctions

• Adverbs

• Inactive Particles

• Ablative Particles

• Vocative Particles

• Exclamatory Style

• Praise & Disparagement

• Derived Nouns

• Verbal Nouns

• Active Participles

• Passive Participles

• Participle-like Adjectives

• Comparatives

• Place-nouns

• Time-nouns

• Tool-nouns

• Attributives

• Diminutives

• Vocabulary

• Dialects

• Survival Phrases

 

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Family & Social Relations

 

This page contains classical vocabulary in addition to the modern vocabulary.

 

A family

"aaila(tun) (sing. fem.)

عَاْئِلَةٌ

'usra(tun) (sing. fem.)

أُسْرَةٌ

'ahl(un) (plu. masc.)

أَهْلٌ

A (greater) family

'aal(un) (plu. masc.)

آلٌ

Relatives

'aqaarib(u) (plu. masc.)

أَقَاْرِبُ

'aqribaa'(un) (plu. masc.)

أَقْرِبَاْءٌ

qaraaba(tun)

 (figurative plu. masc.)

قَرَاْبَةٌ

 

Relatives by Birth

 A father

'ab(un)

أَبٌ

 A mother

'umm(un)

أُمٌ

A male parent

waalid(un)

وَاْلِدٌ
A female parent

waalida(tun)

وَاْلِدَةٌ
Parents

waalidaan(i)

وَاْلِدَاْنِ

 A brother

 'akh(un)

أَخٌ

 A sister

 'ukht(un)

أُخْتٌ

A brother

(from the same two parents)

shaqeeq(un) شَقِيْقٌ

A sister

(from the same two parents)

shaqeeqa(tun) شَقِيْقَةٌ
A twin (either gender) taw'am(un) تَوْأَمٌ
Two twins taw'amaan(i) تَوْأَمَاْنِ

 A son

 'ibn(un)

اِبْنٌ

najl(un)

نَجْلٌ

 A daughter

 'ibna(tun)

اِبْنَةٌ

 bint(un)

بِنْتٌ

A male descendent

A son

saleel(un)

سَلِيْلٌ

A female descendent

A daughter

saleela(tun)

سَلِيْلَةٌ

 A grandfather

 jadd(un)

جَدٌّ

A grandmother 

 jadda(tun)

جَدَّةٌ

 A paternal uncle

 "amm(un)

عَمٌّ

A paternal aunt

 "amma(tun)

عَمَّةٌ

A maternal uncle

khaal(un)

خَاْلٌ

A maternal aunt

 khaala(tun)

خَاْلَةٌ

 A paternal cousin

(son of paternal uncle)

 'ibnu "amm(in)

اِبْنُ عَمٍّ

 A paternal cousin

(son of paternal aunt)

 'ibnu "amma(tin)

اِبْنُ عَمَّةٍ

 A paternal cousin

(son of maternal uncle)

 'ibnu khaal(in)

اِبْنُ خَاْلٍ

 A paternal cousin

(son of maternal aunt)

 'ibnu khaalat(in)

اِبْنُ خَاْلَةٍ

A nephew

(son of brother)

 'ibnu 'akh(in)

اِبْنُ أَخٍ

A nephew

(son of sister)

 'ibnu 'ukht(in)

اِبْنُ أُخْتٍ

A niece

(daughter of brother)

 'ibnatu 'akh(in)

اِبْنَةُ أَخٍ

A niece

(daughter of sister)

 'ibnatu 'ukht(in)

اِبْنَةُ أُخْتٍ

A male relative

(usually by birth)

 qareeb(un)

قِرِيْبٌ

A female relative

(usually by birth)

 qareeba(tun)

قِرِيْبَةٌ

 

 

Relatives By Marriage

A fiancι

khateeb(un)

خَطِيْبٌ

A fiancιe

khateeba(tun)

خَطِيْبَةٌ

A bridegroom

A newly wedded man

"arees(un)

عَرِيْسٌ

A bride

A newly wedded woman

"roos(un)

عَرُوْسٌ

A husband

zawj(un)

زَوْجٌ

ba"l(un)

بَعْلٌ

qareen(un)

قَرِيْنٌ

haleel(un)

حَلِيْلٌ

 "asheer(un)

عَشِيْرٌ

"irs(un)

عِرْسٌ

A wife

zawja(tun)

زَوْجَةٌ

zawj(un)

زَوْجٌ

'imra'a(tun)

اِمْرَأَةٌ

qareena(tun)

قَرِيْنَةٌ

haleela(tun)

حَلِيْلَةٌ

"asheera(tun)

عَشِيْرَةٌ

"irs(un)

عِرْسٌ

A father-in-law

ham(un)

حَمٌ

ham'(un) 

حَمْءٌ

 hama(n)

حَمًاْ

A mother-in-law

hamaa(tun)

حَمَاْةٌ

A son-in-law

A sister's husband

sihr(un)

صِهْرٌ

A daughter-in-law

A brother's wife

sihra(tun)

صِهْرَةٌ

kanna(tun)

كَنَّةٌ

Any male of the wife's family

khatan(un)

خَتَنٌ

Any female of the wife's family

khatana(tun)

خَتَنَةٌ

A husband of a wife's sister

"adeel(un)

عَدِيْلٌ

A wife of a husband's brother

silfa(tun)

سِلْفَةٌ

Another wife of the same man

durra(tun)

ضُرَّةٌ

A male in-law

naseeb(un)

نَسِيْبٌ

A female in-law

naseeba(tun)

نَسِيْبَةٌ

A boyfriend

---

---

A girlfriend

---

---

 

Social Status

A single (man)

"aazib(un)

عَاْزِبٌ

'a"zab(u)

أَعْزَبُ

"azab(un)

عَزَبٌ

'ayyim(un)

أَيِّمٌ

A single (woman)

"aaziba(tun)

عَاْزِبَةٌ

'a"zabaa'(u)

عَزْبَاْءُ

"azaba(tun)

عَزَبَةٌ

'ayyima(tun)

أَيِّمَةٌ

A married (masc. adj.)

mutazawwij(un)

مُتَزَوِّجٌ

muta'ahhil(un)

مُتَأَهِّلٌ

naakih(un)

نَاْكِحٌ

A married (fem. adj.)

mutazawwija(tun)

مُتَزَوِّجَةٌ

naakih(un)

نَاْكِحٌ

A divorced man*

---

---

A divorced woman

mutallaqa(tun)

مُطَلَّقَةٌ

A widower

'armal(un)

أَرْمَلٌ

A widow

'armala(tun)

أَرْمَلُةٌ

An engaged (masc. adj.)

murtabit(un)

مُرْتَبِطٌ

An engaged (fem. adj.)

murtabita(tun)

مُرْتَبِطَةٌ

*Colloquial for a divorced man: mutallaq(un) مُطَلَّقٌ .

 

A fetus

janeen(un)

جَنِيْنٌ

A male infant

radee"(un)

رَضِيْعٌ

A female infant

radee"a(tun)

رَضِيْعَةٌ

A male child

tifl(un)

طِفْلٌ

A female child

tifla(tun)

طِفْلَةٌ

A child / a boy

walad(un)

وَلَدٌ

A girl

bint(un)

بِنْتٌ

A boy

sabiyy(un)

صَبِيٌّ

A girl

sabiyya(tun)

صَبِيَّةٌ

A young man, a teenager

fataa(n)

فَتًىْ

A young woman, a teenager

fataa(tun)

فَتَاْةٌ

A young man, a teenager

rulaam(un)

غُلامٌ

A male teenager

muraahiq(un)

مُرَاْهِقٌ

A female teenager

muraahiqa(tun)

مُرَاْهِقَةٌ

A male minor

qaasir(un)

قَاْصِرٌ

A female minor

qaasira(tun)

قَاْصِرَةٌ

A male juvenile (delinquent)

hadath(un)

حَدَثٌ

A female juvenile (delinquent)

hadatha(tun)

حَدَثَةٌ

A young man

shaabb(un)

شَاْبٌ

A young woman

shaabba(tun)

شَاْبَّةٌ

A man

rajul(tun)

رَجُلٌ

A male adult

baalir(un)

بَاْلِغٌ

raashid(un)

رَاْشِدٌ

A woman

'imra'a(tun)

اِمْرَأَةٌ

A female adult

baalira(tun)

بَاْلِغَةٌ

raashida(tun)

رَاْشِدَةٌ

A middle-aged man

kahl(un)

كَهْلٌ

A middle-aged woman

kahla(tun)

كَهْلَةٌ

An old man

shaykh(un)

شَيْخٌ

An old woman

shaykha(tun)

شَيْخَةٌ

An old person

"ajooz(un)

عَجُوْزٌ

 

A young (man)

sareeru ('a)s-sinn(i)

صَغِيْرُ السِّنِّ

small (of) the age

sareer(un)

صَغِيْرٌ

small

yaafi"(un)

يَاْفِعٌ

fatiyy(un)

فَتِيٌّ

An old (man)

kabeeru ('a)s-sinn(i)

كَبِيْرُ السِّنِّ

big (of) the age

kabeer(un)

كَبِيْرٌ

big

A very old (man)

taa"inu ('a)s-sinn(i)

طَاْعِنُ السِّنِّ

harim(un)

هَرِمٌ

 

 

A young (woman)

sareeru ('a)s-sinn(i)

صَغِيْرَةُ السِّنِّ

small (of) the age

sareer(un)

صَغِيْرَةٌ

small

yaafi"(un)

يَاْفِعَةٌ

fatiyy(un)

فَتِيَّةٌ

An old (woman)

kabeeru ('a)s-sinn(i)

كَبِيْرَةُ السِّنِّ

big (of) the age

kabeer(un)

كَبِيْرَةٌ

big

A very old (woman)

taa"inu ('a)s-sinn(i)

طَاْعِنَةُ السِّنِّ

harim(un)

هَرِمَةٌ

 

 

Note: any Arabic noun word (or adjective) is either a definite noun (has the definite article) or an indefinite noun (has the indefinite declension "Noonation"). Some definite nouns do not need to have the definite article (e.g. proper names). Some indefinite nouns cannot take the indefinite declension (the "forbidden to Noonation nouns"). Proper names (especially people's names) will usually take Noonation even though they are definite. Note that the declension of a noun (case sign + Noonation if required) is an essential part of the word that cannot be omitted in proper Arabic. Adding the right declension is obligatory at all times. However, they are frequently overlooked by many people who find them too difficult.