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  Arabic Online

ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

Arabic Online

 

• Welcome!

• Varieties of Arabic

• Alphabet

• Pronunciation
• Words
• Vowels
• Reading out

• Syllables and stress

• Rules of Pause

• Writing of Letter 'alif

• Roots

• Sibawayh's phonology

• Historical phonology

• Nouns

• Irregular Nouns

• Declension

• Noun Gender

• Feminine Markers

• Singular Nouns

• Dual Nouns

• Plural Nouns EDITED

• Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED

• Feminine Plural Nouns

• Irregular Plural Nouns
• Articles

• Case Inflection

• Case Endings

• The Six Nouns

• Noonation

• Adjectives

• Genitive Construction

• Am/Is/Are Sentences

• Verbs

• Irregular Verbs

• Verb Forms

• Perfective Verbs

• Perfective Conjugation

• Irregular Perfective Conjugation

• Imperfective Verbs

• Imperfective Conjugation

• Irregular Imperfective Conjugation

• Moods

• Subjunctive Mood

• Jussive Mood

• Mood Signs

• Energetic Mood

• Imperative Mood

• Passive Voice

• Passive Perfective Verbs

• Passive Imperfective Verbs

• Passive of Irregular Verbs

• Subject Pronouns

• Object Pronouns

• Demonstratives

• Relative Pronouns

• Sentences

• To Have

• Incomplete Verbs

• Frozen Verbs

• Verb-Like Particles

• Negation

• Present Negative

• Past Negative

• Future Negative

• Negation+Exclusion Style

• Interrogation

• Yes/No Questions

• Interrogative Pronouns

• Polite Request

• Introductory Particles

• Infinitival/Indefinite maa

• Prepositions

• Conjunctions

• Adverbs

• Inactive Particles

• Ablative Particles

• Vocative Particles

• Exclamatory Style

• Praise & Disparagement

• Derived Nouns

• Verbal Nouns

• Active Participles

• Passive Participles

• Participle-like Adjectives

• Comparatives

• Place-nouns

• Time-nouns

• Tool-nouns

• Attributives

• Diminutives

• Vocabulary

• Dialects

• Survival Phrases

 

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Vocabulary

Animals

 

Most animal names in Arabic have only one gender; either masculine or feminine. The name will be used for both male and female animals regardless of its gender. However, there are also numerous animals that have two versions of their names, one for each gender; albeit the female version are not always used.

Determining which animals have two versions of their names for each gender is a horrendous task in Arabic, because of the so much arbitrariness and vagueness in usage. I am going to put here only the ones that I've seen in dictionaries, and the ones that I believe are O.K.

Note that all the names are singulars and are written in the nominative absolute (indefinite) case.

 

Animals

الْحَيَوَاْنَاْتُ

Alligator / Crocodile

تِمْسَاْحٌ

Ant

نَمْلَةٌ

Ape / Monkey (male)

قِرْدٌ

Ape / Monkey (female)

قِرْدَةٌ

Ass / Donkey (male, jack)

حِمَاْرٌ

Ass / Donkey (female, jenny)

أَتَاْنٌ

Baboon

بَاْبُوْنٌ

Bat

وَطْوَاْطٌ

خُفَّاْشٌ

Bear (male, boar)

دُبٌّ

Bear (female, sow)

دُبَّةٌ

Beaver

قُنْدُسٌ

Bee

نَحْلَةٌ

Bird

طَيْرٌ

طَاْئِرٌ

Bird (small, male)

عُصْفُوْرٌ

Bird (small, female)

عُصْفُوْرَةٌ

Bison / Buffalo

ثَوْرٌ أَمريكِيٌّ

Bug / Insect

حَشَرَةٌ

Butterfly

فَرَاْشَةٌ

Camel (male)

جَمَلٌ

Camel (female)

نَاْقَةٌ

Camel (old camel)

بَعِيْرٌ

Cat (male, tom)

قِطٌّ

Cat (female, queen)

قِطَّةٌ

Cattle / Ox (male, bull)

ثَوْرٌ

Cattle / Ox (female, cow)

بَقَرَةٌ

Chameleon

حِرْبَاْءٌ

Cheetah

فَهْدٌ

Chicken (male, rooster)

دِيْكٌ

Chicken (female, hen)

دَجَاْجَةٌ

Chimpanzee

شِمْبَاْنْزِيْ

Cockroach

صُرْصُوْرٌ

Crow

غُرَاْبٌ

Deer (male, buck)

ظَبْيٌ

Deer (female, doe)

ظَبْيَةٌ

Dinosaur

ديناصورٌ

Dog (male)

كَلْبٌ

Dog (female, bitch)

كَلْبَةٌ

Dogfish

كَلْبُ الْبَحْرِ

Dolphin

دُلْفِيْنٌ

Duck

بَطَّةٌ

Eagle

عُقَاْبٌ

Eel

أَنقَلِيْسٌ

Elephant (male, bull)

فِيْلٌ

Elephant (female, cow)

فِيْلَةٌ

Falcon

بَاْزٌ

Fish

سَمَكَةٌ

Fly

ذُبَاْبَةٌ

Fox (male, dog)

ثَعْلَبٌ

Fox (female, vixen)

ثَعْلَبَةٌ

Frog / toad (female)

ضِفْدَعٌ

عَيْلَمٌ

Frog / toad (male)

عُلْجُوْمٌ

عَيْلَمٌ

Gazelle (male, buck)

غَزَاْلٌ

Gazelle (female, doe)

غَزَاْلَةٌ

Gecko

بُرَيْصٌ

أَبُوْ بُرَيْصٍ

Giraffe

زَرَاْفَةٌ

Goat (male, buck)

مَعْزٌ

Goat (male, buck)

مَاْعِزٌ

Goat (male, buck)

تَيْسٌ

Goat (male, buck)

شَاْةٌ

Goat (female, doe)

عَنْزٌ

Goat (female, doe)

عَنْزَةٌ

Goat (female, doe)

مِعْزَاْةٌ

Goat (female, doe)

مَاْعِزَةٌ

Goose

وَزَّةٌ

إِوَزَّةٌ

Gorilla

غُوْريلاًّ

Grasshopper

جَرَاْدَةٌ

Hamster

هَاْمسْترٌ

Hawk

صَقْرٌ

Hedgehog

قُنْفُذٌ

Hippocampus

(sea horse)

فَرَسُ بَحْرٍ

Hippopotamus

فَرَسُ نَهْرٍ

Hog

خِنْزِيْرٌ

Horse (male, stallion)

حِصَاْنٌ

فَرَسٌ

Horse (female, mare)

فَرَسٌ

Hyena

ضَبْعٌ

Ibex

وَعْلٌ

Jackal

اِبْنُ آوًىْ

Jellyfish

قِنْدِيْلُ بَحْرٍ

Kangaroo

كَنْغَاْرُوْ

Koala

كوَاْلاً

Lion (male)

أَسَدٌ

سَبْعٌ

Lion (female, lioness)

لَبُؤَةٌ

أَسَدَةٌ

Llama

لامًاْ

Louse

قَمْلَةٌ

Marten

سَمُّوْرٌ

Mole (male)

خُلْدٌ

Mole (female)

خُلْدَةٌ

Moose (male, buck)

أَيْلٌ

Moose (female, doe)

أَيْلَةٌ

Mosquito

بَعُوْضَةٌ

Mouse (male, buck)

فَأْرٌ

Mouse (female, doe)

فَأْرَةٌ

Mule (male, jack)

بَغْلٌ

Mule (female, jenny)

بَغْلَةٌ

Octopus

أُخْطُبُوْطٌ

Ostrich

نَعَاْمَةٌ

Owl

بُوْمَةٌ

Oyster

مَحَاْرٌ

Panda bear (male, boar)

دُبُّ بَاْنْدًاْ

Panda bear (female, sow)

دُبَّةُ بَاْنْدًاْ

Parrot

بَبَّغَاْءٌ

Peafowl

طَاْوُوْسٌ

Penguin

بِطْرِيْقٌ

Pig

خِنْزِيْرٌ

Pigeon / Dove

حَمَاْمَةٌ

Platypus

خُلْدُ مَاْءٍ

Rabbit / Hare

أَرْنَبٌ

Raccoon

رَاْكُوْنٌ

Rat

جُرَذٌ

Rhinoceros

وَحِيْدُ قَرْنٍ

Scorpion

عَقَرَبٌ

Sea star

نَجْمُ بَحْرٍ

Seagull

نَوْرَسٌ

Seal

فَقْمَةٌ

Shark

قِرْشٌ

Sheep

خَرُوْفٌ

ضَأْنٌ

كَبْشٌ

شَاْةٌ

Skunk

ظَرْبَاْنٌ

Snail

حَلَزَوْنٌ

Snake

أَفْعًىْ

حَيَّةٌ

ثُعْبَاْنٌ

Spider (male)

عَنْكَبٌ

Spider (female)

عَنْكَبُوْتٌ

Squirrel (male, buck)

سِنْجَاْبٌ

Squirrel (female, doe)

سِنْجَاْبَةٌ

Swan

بَجَعَةٌ

Termite

أَرَضَةٌ

نَمْلَةٌ بَيْضَاْءُ

Tick

قُرَاْدُةٌ

Tiger (male)

نَمِرٌ

Tiger (female, tigress)

نَمِرَةٌ

Turkey

دِيْكٌ رُوْمِيٌّ

Turtle

سُلَحْفَاْةٌ

Vulture

نَسْرٌ

Wasp

زَنْبُوْرٌ

دَبُّوْرٌ

Whale

حُوْتٌ

Wolf (male, dog)

ذِئْبٌ

Wolf (female, bitch)

ذِئْبَةٌ

Woodpecker (male)

نَقَّاْرُ خَشَبٍ

Woodpecker (female)

نَقَّاْرَةُ خَشَبٍ

Zebra

حِمَاْرُ وَحْشٍ

 

 

 Note: any Arabic noun word (or adjective) is either a definite noun (has the definite article) or an indefinite noun (has the indefinite declension "Noonation"). Some definite nouns do not need to have the definite article (e.g. proper names). Some indefinite nouns cannot take the indefinite declension (the "forbidden to Noonation nouns"). Proper names (especially people's names) will usually take Noonation even though they are definite. Note that the declension of a noun (case sign + Noonation if required) is an essential part of the word that cannot be omitted in proper Arabic. Adding the right declension is obligatory at all times. However, they are frequently overlooked by many people who find them too difficult.