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ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

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Meanings of Verb Forms (continued)

Quadriliteral Roots

 

 

Structures of Perfective Verbs with Quadriliteral Roots

(Active Voice)

No additional letters

Form QI

fa"lal(a)

فَعْلَلَ

1 additional letter

Form QII

tafa"lal(a)

تَفَعْلَلَ

2 additional letters

Form QIII

'if"anlal(a)

اِفْعَنْلَلَ

Form QIV

'if"alall(a)

اِفْعَلَلَّ

 

The meanings and examples of Form QI exist on this page.

 

 

Form QII

 

Form QII of Arabic Verbs

(Active Voice)

Reflexive

(He) did himself

tafa"lal(a)

tr./intr.

تَفَعْلَلَ

Reflexive Causative

(He) made himself do

This form is the reflexive of the basic quadriliteral form QI. As usual, the -t- affix has two meanings, a simple reflexive and a reflexive causative.

Examples:

Form QII

Form QI

tadahraj(a)

تَدَحْرَجَ

dahraj(a)

دَحْرَجَ

(He) rolled (intr.)

(He) rolled (tr.)

taba"thar(a)

تَبَعْثَرَ

ba"thar(a)

بَعْثَرَ

 (He) scattered (intr.)

 (He) scattered (tr.)

tatam'an(a)

تَطَمْأَنَ

tam'an(a)

طَمْأَنَ

(He) became reassured

(He) reassured

ta'amrak(a)

تَأَمْرَكَ

'amrak(a)

أَمْرَكَ

(he) became American

→ Americanized (intr.)

(he) made American

→ Americanized (tr.)

tahashraj(a)

تَحَشْرَجَ

hashraj(a)

حَشْرَجَ

(He) choked (intr.)

(He) choked (intr.)

tabar"am(a)

تَبَرْعَمَ

bar"am(a)

بَرْعَمَ

(he) budded (intr.)

(he) budded (intr.)

 

Like form QI, this form also has eight "annexed" forms. Those are the same form but with a certain letter made fixed each time. The forms here are the same of form QI's but with a  -t- prefix, except for one that is new.

Example

Form

tajalbab(a)

تَجَلْبَبَ

tafa"lal(a)

تَفَعْلَلَ

(he) wore a djellaba

tajawrab(a)

تَجَوْرَبَ

tafaw"al(a)

تَفَوْعَلَ

(he) wore socks

tarahwak(a)

تَرَهْوَكَ

tafa"wal(a)

تَفَعْوَلَ

(he) tottered

tashaytan(a)

تَشَيْطَنَ

tafay"al(a)

تَفَيْعَلَ

(he) behaved mischievously

tasanbal(a)

تَسَنْبَلَ

tafan"al(a)

تَفَنْعَلَ

(he, a plant) eared

taqalnas(a)

تَقَلْنَسَ

tafa"nal(a)

تَفَعْنَلَ

(he) wore a cap

tamaskan(a)

تَمَسْكَنَ

tamaf"al(a)

تَمَفَعْلَ

(he) acted pitiful

tasalqaa

تَسَلْقَىْ

tafa"laa

تَفَعْلَىْ

 

 

Form QIII

 

Form QIII of Arabic Verbs

(Active Voice)

Reflexive

(He) did himself

'if"anlal(a)

intr.

اِفْعَنْلَلَ

This form has the -n- affix which denotes a reflexive action. This is an extremely rare form.

Example:

 

Form QIII

Form QI

'ihranjam(a)

اِحَرَنْجَمَ

harjam(a)

حَرْجَمَ

(he) congregated (intr.)

(he) congregated (camels) (tr.)

'ifranqa"(a)

اِفْرَنْقَعَ

farqa"(a)

فَرْقَعَ

(he) popped, cracked (intr.)

(he) popped, cracked

 

 

Form QIV

 

Form QIV of Arabic Verbs

(Active Voice)

Stative

 

(He) was/became something

'if"alall(a)

intr.

اِفْعَلَلَّ

This form resembles form IX of triliteral-rooted forms, but here it will not be limited to denoting colors or bodily defects.

Examples:

Form QIV

Related Word

'itma'ann(a)

اِطْمَأَنَّ

tam'an(a)

طَمْأَنَ

(he) became reassured

(he) reassured

etymology:

أ م ن ؟

'iqsha"arr(a)

اِقْشَعَرَّ

qash"ar(a)

قَشْعَرَ

 (he, body) had gooseflesh/shuddered

(he, body) had gooseflesh/shuddered

etymology:

وَقَفَ/ قَاْمَ + شَعْرٌ ؟

'ishma'azz(a)

اِشْمَأَزَّ

shamiz(a)

شَمِزَ

(he) became repelled, disgusted

(he) became repelled, disgusted

'ikfaharr(a)

اِكْفَهَرَّ

K F H R

ك ف هـ ر

(he, a face) became extremely unhappy

original sense:

(he) became covered

etymology:

ك ف ر ؟

 

 

 

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