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Frozen Verbs (continued)

 

Partially Manageable Verbs

Partially manageable verbs are verbs that exist in two of the three verb structures, the perfective, the imperfective, but not in the imperative. These verbs can sometimes have active participles and infinitives, but some of them do not have.

Partially manageable verbs are not many. There are only seven verbs that can be mentioned.

1. four of the incomplete verbs named "sisters of kaan(a)" أَخَوَاْتُ كَاْنَ are partially manageable verbs.

 

Partially Manageable Incomplete Verbs

 Infinitive

 Active Participle

Perfective

Imperfective

زَيْلٌ

زَاْئِلٌ

يَزَاْلُ

زَاْلَ

zayl(un)

zaa'il(un)

yazaal(u)

zaal(a)

---

فَاْتِئٌ

يَفْتَأُ

فَتِئَ

 

faati'(un)

yafta'(u)

fati'(a)

بَرَاْحٌ

بَاْرِحٌ

يَبْرَحُ

بَرِحَ

baraah(un)

baarih(un)

yabrah(u)

barih(a)

--- 

مُنْفَكٌّ

يَنْفَكُّ

اِنْفَكَّ

 

munfakk(un)

yanfakk(u)

'infakk(a)

Important Notes:

-Those verbs are only used negated when they are incomplete.

-Those verbs can have structures other than those mentioned in the table, but they will be complete not incomplete verbs in that case.

 

2. two of the verbs of approach (sisters of kaad(a) أَخَوَاْتُ كَاْدَ) are partially manageable verbs.

Partially Manageable Incomplete Verbs

 Infinitive

 Active Participle

Perfective

Imperfective

كَوْدٌ

كَيْدٌ

كَاْئِدٌ

يَكَاْدُ

كَاْدَ

kawd(un)

kayd(un)

kaa'id(un)

yakaad(u)

kaad(a)

 ---

مُوْشِكٌ

يُوْشِكَ

أَوْشَكَ

 

mooshik(un)

yooshik(u)

'awshak(a)

 

 

3. the verb to "be necessary."

 

Partially Manageable Verb

 Infinitive

 Active Participle

Perfective

Imperfective

اِنْبِغَاْءٌ

مُنْبَغٍ

يَنْبَغِيْ

اِنْبَغَىْ

'inbiraa(un)

munbarin

yanbaree

'inbaraa

 

This verb is important. The literal meaning of this verb is "(he/it) was wanted."  However, the common usage is something like the French "il faudrait" = it is necessary (in a suggestive way). There is no imperative for this verb, which is a complete verb. The imperfective of this verb will be always followed by an infinitive (a verbal noun) or an infinitival phrase (that (he) do).

 

Example:

يَنْبَغِيْ أَنْ تَذْهَبَ

yanbaree 'an tathhab(a)

= (he/it) is necessary that (you) go

Translation: you should go

 

OR

يَنْبَغِيْ لَكَ أَنْ تَذْهَبَ

yanbaree la-k(a) 'an tathhab(a)

= (he/it) is necessary for you that (you) go

Translation: you should go

 

The perfective of this verb is usually not used. To express the meaning "should have" the following formula is used usually:

كَاْنَ يَنْبَغِيْ أَنْ تَذْهَبَ

kaan(a) yanbaree 'an tathhab(a)

= (he/it) was (he/it) is necessary that (you) go

Translation: you should have gone

 

OR

كَاْنَ يَنْبَغِيْ لَكَ أَنْ تَذْهَبَ

kaan(a) yanbaree la-k(a) 'an tathhab(a)

= (he/it) was (he/it) is necessary for you that (you) go

Translation: you should have gone

 

 

A classical usage of this verb will be in the sense "it was possible."

 

Example:

لَقَدْ تَصَرَّفَ كَمَاْ انْبَغَىْ لَهُ

laqad tasarraf(a) ka-maa ('i)nbaraa la-h(u)

= (he) has acted like what (he/it) was possible for him

Translation: he acted in the way he could

 

 

 

 

 

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