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  Arabic Online

ARABIC ONLINE

        اللّغة العربيّة    

Arabic Online

 

• Welcome!

• Varieties of Arabic

• Alphabet

• Pronunciation
• Words
• Vowels
• Reading out

• Syllables

• Stress

• Rules of Pause

• Writing of Letter 'alif

• Roots

• Sibawayh's phonology

• Historical phonology

• Nouns

• Irregular Nouns

• Declension

• Noun Gender

• Feminine Markers

• Singular Nouns

• Dual Nouns

• Plural Nouns EDITED

• Masculine Plural Nouns EDITED

• Feminine Plural Nouns

• Irregular Plural Nouns
• Articles

• Case Inflection

• Case Endings

• The Six Nouns

• Noonation

• Adjectives

• Genitive Construction

• Am/Is/Are Sentences

• Verbs

• Irregular Verbs

• Verb Forms

• Perfective Verbs

• Perfective Conjugation

• Irregular Perfective Conjugation

• Imperfective Verbs

• Imperfective Conjugation

• Irregular Imperfective Conjugation

• Moods

• Subjunctive Mood

• Jussive Mood

• Mood Signs

• Energetic Mood

• Imperative Mood

• Passive Voice

• Passive Perfective Verbs

• Passive Imperfective Verbs

• Passive of Irregular Verbs

• Subject Pronouns

• Object Pronouns

• Demonstratives

• Relative Pronouns

• Sentences

• To Have

• Incomplete Verbs

• Frozen Verbs

• Verb-Like Particles

• Negation

• Present Negative

• Past Negative

• Future Negative

• Negation+Exclusion Style

• Interrogation

• Yes/No Questions

• Interrogative Pronouns

• Polite Request

• Introductory Particles

• Infinitival/Indefinite maa

• Prepositions

• Conjunctions

• Adverbs

• Inactive Particles

• Ablative Particles

• Vocative Particles

• Exclamatory Style

• Praise & Disparagement

• Derived Nouns

• Verbal Nouns

• Active Participles

• Passive Participles

• Participle-like Adjectives

• Comparatives

• Place-nouns

• Time-nouns

• Tool-nouns

• Attributives

• Diminutives

• Vocabulary

• Dialects

• Survival Phrases

 

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Frozen Verbs (continued)

We have listed the important perfective frozen verbs. The imperfective frozen verbs are so rare (there are only three or four) and none of them is used in modern Arabic. Therefore, we are going to bypass them and get directly to the imperative frozen verbs.

 

Verbs Frozen in the Imperative

Those verbs only exist in the imperative structure.

 

1. the verb "Come."

 

Come (you sing. masc.)

(Frozen Verb)

ta"aal(a)

تَعَاْلَ

 

Example:

تَعَاْلَوْا إِلَىْ هُنَاْ

ta"aalaw 'laa hunaa

= come (you plu. masc.) to here

Translation: come here

 

 

 

 

2. "hand" and "take."

 

 

Frozen Verbs

Hand (you sing. masc.) (to me)

 haat(i)

هَاْتِ

Take (you sing. masc.)

 haa'(i)

هَاْءِ

 ha'

هَأْ

 

 

Examples:

هَاْتِهَاْ

haati-haa

= hand (you sing. masc.) her

Translation: hand it to me

 

هَاءِ يَاْ رَجُلُ

haa'(i) yaa rajul(u)

= take (you sing. masc.) man

Translation: take it/them man

 

 

A common way of using the second verb is by adding a "vocative kaaf" to it.

 

هَاْكَ يَاْ رَجُلُ

haak(a) yaa rajul(u)

= take (you sing. masc.) man

Translation: take it/them man

 

 

Take (you sing. masc.) haak(a) هَاْكَ
Take (you sing. fem.) haak(i) هَاْكِ
Take (you dual) haakumaa هَاْكُمَاْ
Take (you plu. masc.) haakum هَاْكُمْ
Take (you plu. fem.) haakunn(a) هَاْكُنَّ

 

 

 

3. the verb halumm(a).

 

Come (you sing. masc.)

(Frozen Verb)

halumm(a)

هَلُمَّ

 

This verb may be used unchangeable when talking to any number or gender of people.

Example:

 

قُلْ لَهُمْ هَلُمَّ

qul la-hum halumm(a)

= say to them come (you sing. masc.)

Translation: tell them: come

 

The other way is to conjugate the verb regularly.

 

قُلْ لَهُمْ هَلُمُّوْا

qul la-hum halummoo

= say to them come (you plu. masc.)

Translation: tell them: come

 

4. "suppose."

 

Suppose (you sing. masc.)

(Frozen Verb)

hab

هَبْ

 

This verb is one of the verbs which need two objects rather than one. In Arabic, this does not matter because the two objects will be in the same case ('an-nasb).

 

 هَبْ أَخَاْكَ حَاْضِرًا

hab 'akhaa-k(a) haadira(n)

=  suppose (the) brother (of) you present

Translation: suppose your brother is present

* أَخَاْ is one of the "Six Nouns" therefore it takes irregular case-signs when it is in a genitive construction.

 

5. the verb "im .

 

Be (you sing. masc.) pleased

(Frozen Verb)

 "im

عِمْ

 

This verb is an alteration of the following fully manageable verb:

 

Be (you sing. masc.) pleased

(Fully Manageable Verb)

'an"im

أَنْعِمْ

 

The verb "im was commonly used in classical Arabic to say "good morning" and "good evening."

عِمْ صَبَاْحًا

"im sabaaha(n)

= be (you sing. masc.) pleased in the morning

= have a pleasant morning

Translation: good morning

 

عِمِيْ مَسَاْءً

"imee masaa'a(n)

= be pleased (you sing. fem.) in the evening

= have a pleasant evening

Translation: good evening (to a female)

 

 

 

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