Praise & Disparagement
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Place demonstratives also belong to the "nouns of pointing" أَسْماءُ الإِشارَةِ. Therefore, they are also three types (near, middle, and far).
1. Near Place Demonstratives
The near place demonstrative that is used in Modern Standard Arabic is:
Other classical, near demonstratives are the following:
With the addition of haa'< of attention هَاْءُ التَّنْبِيْهِ:
2. Middle Place Demonstratives
Those are obtained by adding the "vocative kaaf" كَاْفُ الْخِطَاْبِ . They refer to things that are neither near nor far but in between.
With haa'< of attention هَاْءُ التَّنْبِيْهِ:
3. Far Place Demonstratives
Those are all used in modern Arabic.
The last one contains the laam of distance لامُ الْبُعْدِ.
= we (are) here
Translation: we are here
هُنَاْكَ أَمْرٌ آخَرُ
hunaak(a) 'amr(un) 'aakhar(u)
= there (is) a thing other
Translation: there is another thing
ثَمَّةَ مُشْكِلَةٌ عَوِيْصَةٌ
thammat(a) mushkila(tun) "aweesa(tun)
= there (is) a problem a difficult
Translation: there is a difficult problem